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请注意,本文最后更新时间:2021-02-05,最后编辑于128天前,内容可能已经不具有时效性,请谨慎参考。

1、守护进程多模块功能配置

sa sa_data.txt
dev dev_data.txt
dba dba_data.txt
vim /etc/rsync.conf
#添加以下信息
[backup]
comment = "backup dir by oldboy"
path = /backup
[dba]
comment = "backup dir by oldboy"
path = /dba
[dev]
comment = "backup dir by oldboy"
path = /devdata

2、守护进程的排除环境

[root@nfs01 /]# mkdir -p /oldboy
[root@nfs01 /]# mkdir -p /oldboy/{a..c}
[root@nfs01 /]# touch /oldboy/{a..c}/{1..3}.txt
[root@nfs01 /]# tree /oldboy
/oldboy
├── 01.txt
├── 02.txt
├── a
│?? ├── 1.txt
│?? ├── 2.txt
│?? └── 3.txt
├── b
│?? ├── 1.txt
│?? ├── 2.txt
│?? └── 3.txt
└── c
    ├── 1.txt
    ├── 2.txt
    └── 3.txt

01、 需求01: 将/oldboy目录下面 a目录数据全部备份 b目录不要备份1.txt文件 c整个目录不要做备份

--exclude=PATTERN
绝对路径方式:
[root@nfs01 /]# rsync -avz /oldboy --exclude=/oldboy/b/1.txt --exclude=/oldboy/c/rsync_backup@172.16.1.41::backup --password-file=/etc/rsync.password 
sending incremental file list
oldboy/
oldboy/01.txt
oldboy/02.txt
oldboy/a/
oldboy/a/1.txt
oldboy/a/2.txt
oldboy/a/3.txt
oldboy/b/
oldboy/b/2.txt
oldboy/b/3.txt
相对路径方式:
[root@nfs01 /]# rsync -avz /oldboy --exclude=b/1.txt --exclude=c/ rsync_backup@172.16.1.41::backup --password-file=/etc/rsync.password 
sending incremental file list
oldboy/
oldboy/01.txt
oldboy/02.txt
oldboy/a/
oldboy/a/1.txt
oldboy/a/2.txt
oldboy/a/3.txt
oldboy/b/
oldboy/b/2.txt
oldboy/b/3.txt


​ sent 502 bytes received 177 bytes 1,358.00 bytes/sec
​ total size is 0 speedup is 0.00

02、将/oldboy目录下面 a目录数据全部备份 b目录不要备份1.txt文件 c整个目录1.txt 3.txt文件不要备份

--exclude-from=file  --- 批量排除 
第一个历程: 编辑好一个排除文件
[root@nfs01 /]# cat /oldboy/exclude.txt 
b/1.txt
c/1.txt
c/3.txt
exclude.txt
第二个历程: 实现批量排除功能
[root@nfs01 /]# rsync -avz /oldboy --exclude-from=/oldboy/exclude.txt rsync_backup@172.16.1.41::backup --password-file=/etc/rsync.password 
sending incremental file list
oldboy/
oldboy/01.txt
oldboy/02.txt
oldboy/a/
oldboy/a/1.txt
oldboy/a/2.txt
oldboy/a/3.txt
oldboy/b/
oldboy/b/2.txt
oldboy/b/3.txt
oldboy/c/
oldboy/c/2.txt

03、守护进程来创建备份目录

[root@nfs01 /]# rsync -avz /etc/hosts  rsync_backup@172.16.1.41::backup/10.0.0.31/ --password-file=/etc/rsync.password 
sending incremental file list
created directory 10.0.0.31
hosts
sent 226 bytes  received 75 bytes  602.00 bytes/sec
total size is 371  speedup is 1.23
PS: 客户端无法在服务端创建多级目录

3、 守护进程的访问控制配置

守护进程白名单和黑名单功能
PS: 建议只使用一种名单

守护进程的列表功能配置
[root@nfs01 /]# rsync rsync_backup@172.16.1.41::
backup             "backup dir by oldboy"
dba                "backup dir by oldboy"
dev                "backup dir by oldboy"

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